Culture


Eternal Alphabet: H (hɔ) -Հ (հո)

Հ is the first letter of the words Հայ – Armenian, Հայաստան – Armenia, Հայրենիք – homeland. Besides, ՀՀ is the abbreviation of the name of the Armenian state, the Republic of Armenia – Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն [(Hayastani Hanrapetutyun]).

09/01/2016, 15:50

Eternal Alphabet: K (ken) -Կ (կեն)

In Grabar, the Old Armenian language, կ stood for a sound that conformed to the Russian [к]. Of the two New Armenian literary languages, only the Eastern Armenian inherited this sound, while in the Western Armenian կ has retained its traditional way of writing.

09/01/2016, 15:18

Eternal Alphabet: Ts (ca) - Ծ (ծա)

According to one of the existing versions, letter Ծ derives from the Armenian letter Զ [z]. Supporters of another version believe that the graphic form of Ծ originates in letter of the Syriac еstrangelo – the oldest of all varieties of the Syriac script.

09/01/2016, 15:02

Eternal Alphabet: Kh (xē) -Խ (խէ)

In Armenian, a Christian is also called “khachapasht” that means “someone who worships cross”. The numerical value of Խ is 40. This number is repeatedly used in the Bible: the flood lasted forty days and nights

09/01/2016, 14:45

Eternal Alphabet: L (liwn) - Լ (լիւն)

The numerical value of lyun is 30. In the acrostic written by Mashtots, it stands for the word Լույս ([luys] – light). Light is the traditional symbol of divinity and sacredness, which originates in the Bible, where “God is light” (John, 11:5).

09/01/2016, 14:21

Eternal Alphabet: I (Iini) - Ի (ինի)

The mystic poet Grigor Narekatsi (X century) made letter Ի the symbol of grief and sins. Most of his “Book of Lamentations”, which consists of 95 chapters, is written in free verse.

09/01/2016, 13:56

Eternal Alphabet: Zh (žē) - Ժ (ժէ)

The numerical value of Ժ is 10. It is noteworthy that Ժ denotes the beginning of a decimal line, i.e. the values of the next nine letters successively increase by ten. In the alphabetic acrostic written by Mashtots, letter Ժ stands for the word Ժամանակ ([zhamanak] – time).

09/01/2016, 13:29

Eternal Alphabet: Th (t‘o) - Թ (թo)

The numerical value of Թ is 9. Number nine, which is the triple repetition of three, similarly represents the idea of the Holy Trinity. That is why, in the alphabetic acrostic written by Mashtots, letter Թ stands for a word that is the metaphor of the God – Թագաւոր (Таgаvоr – the king).

08/01/2016, 17:06

Eternal Alphabet: Ə (ət‘) - Ը (ըթ)

The numerical value of Ը is 8. In Christianity, this number implies renewal, revival, beginning of a new life.

08/01/2016, 16:48

Eternal Alphabet: E (ē) - Է (է)

Sanctity of Է is intensified by the fact that its numerical value is seven. This sacral number, considered as divine, is repeatedlyused in the Bible: seven sacraments, seven gifts of the Holy Spirit, seven angels standing in the presence of God, seven thrones, seven seals.

08/01/2016, 16:32